Editor's Note: This article by Trisha J. Cacciola previously appeared in Hudson Cook, LLP insights article and is re-published here with permission.

On October 30, 2023, President Joe Biden signed an Executive Order on the Safe, Secure, and Trustworthy Development and Use of Artificial Intelligence. This Executive Order sweeps across many categories of products and programs, with its purpose generally being to protect consumers and employees from privacy, discrimination, and other potential harms presented by the widespread and ever-increasing use of artificial intelligence.

What is artificial intelligence? The term "artificial intelligence" or "AI" is defined in the National Artificial Intelligence Initiative as "a machine-based system that can, for a given set of human-defined objectives, make predictions, recommendations, or decisions influencing real or virtual environments. Artificial intelligence systems use machine- and human-based inputs to perceive real and virtual environments; abstract such perceptions into models through analysis in an automated manner; and use model inference to formulate options for information or action."

In more basic terms, AI is the proverbial "black box" that takes data from a variety of sources as inputs and uses complex algorithms to produce an accurate prediction or result on an automated and expedited basis.

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